Macular Degeneration is a group of conditions which may cause vision loss in the macula, the small region of the retina, which sharpen the vision. There are two basic forms of macular degeneration namely dry form and wet form. 90 % of people with macular degeneration have the dry or atrophic form. If an ophthalmologist suspects that you may have macular degeneration, he/she will want to take a picture of the retina. Additionally, the doctor may need to perform another procedure called Fluorescein Angiography to see if any blood vessels are leaking into the retina. This procedure is relatively simple and not painful and is usually performed at doctor’s office.
Sometimes, laser treatment can be used to slow the progression of this condition by sealing off these growing, bleeding vessels. Although laser surgery rarely improves vision in people with neovascularization, it may slow or prevent further damage to the retina. People with wet macular degeneration in one eye have a 10% chance of developing it in their other eye. It is extremely important for people with this condition to check their eyes often, even daily with the doctor grid. You should notify your eye doctor immediately about any changes in your vision.
Someone with wet macular degeneration might see wavy lines and dark areas on the Amsler grid.
Fortunately dry macular degeneration rarely results in the loss of peripheral vision.
– You may experience blank spots within your field of vision. These spots will follow your eye movements.
– Straight lines may appear distorted or wavy. The wavy lines will follow your eye movements.